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Previous entry: Munich Olympic Park

Monday, 30 August 2010


This is the square where police confronted and dispersed the Nazis when they attempted to seize power in the “Beer Hall Putsch” of 1923. Fifteen nazis, two police and an innocent bystander were killed in the failed nazi coup. Hitler himself was wounded, and spent a year in prison.

The monument on the facing end of the square is the Feldherrnhalle (Field Marshall’s hall). It is situated on the site of part of the original city wall, and was constructed in 1844 to commemorate Germany military leaders. It is an architectural design based on the Loggia dei Lanza in Florence, Italy. After coming to power, Hitler turned the left side of it into a a shrine to the 1923 putsch ‘martyrs’. The shrine was guarded by the SS and the passing public had to give the Nazi salute the shrine.  It is said that Munich residents who were against the Nazis used to pass on the right and then slip down Viscardigasse (which became known as “dodgers’ alley) at the back of the monument in order to avoid giving the salute.

The alley today has some golden cobbles to commemmorate the Nazi resisters/dodgers:


The nazi martyrs were removed from the shrine in July 1945, cremated, and buried in common graves.  The metal of the Nazi shrine was recycled and used in reconstruction of Munich after the war.  The site Third Reich Ruins has some more photographs and information from Odeonsplatz.

Posted by bigblue on 30/08/2010 at 08:20 AM
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